Schools and faculties of the University organise and bear academic responsibility for doctoral programmes at the University, their content, structure and implementation. Under the Act no. 63/2006 on Universities, and the Act no. 85/2008 on Public Universities, the University Council sets general rules on doctoral programmes and their completion with a viva voce examination. These general rules are in Chapter VI of University of Iceland's Rules, No. 569/2009. It states therein that the University's schools and faculties may organise doctoral programmes in accordance with the framework set out there. More detailed provisions on graduate studies are in the special rules of schools and faculties regarding such programmes, which are confirmed by the University Council. Academic titles, which are conferred upon completion of a programme, are listed in Article 55 of The Joint Rules.